Monday, December 8, 2014

Other examples of PAC chaired by Opposition Leader



United Kingdom
“By Tradition its Chairman is chosen from the Opposition.”

Erskine May Parliamentary Practice (23rd Edition), Chapter 26, p.784.

India
“The Speaker, for the first time, appointed a member of the Opposition as the Chairman of the Committee for 1967-68. This practice has been continued since then.”

Information on the Public Accounts Committee, prepared by the Lok Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi, 2004.

Kanada     
“106. Election of Chair and Vice-Chairs.

(1) 
(2)  At the commencement of every session and, if necessary, during the course of a session, each standing or special committee shall elect a Chair and two Vice-Chairs, of whom the Chair shall be a Member of the government party, the first Vice-Chair shall be a Member of the Official Opposition, and the second Vice-Chair shall be a Member of an opposition party other than the Official Opposition party. In the case of the Standing Committees on Public Accounts, on Access to Information, Privacy and Ethics, on Government Operations and Estimates and on the Status of Women, the Chair shall be a Member of the Official Opposition, the first Vice-Chair shall be a Member of the government party and the second Vice-Chair shall be a Member of an opposition party other than the Official Opposition. In the case of the Standing Joint Committee on Scrutiny of Regulations, the Joint-Chair acting on behalf of the House shall be a Member of the Official Opposition, the first Vice-Chair shall be a Member of the government party and the second Vice-Chair shall be a Member of an opposition party other than the Official Opposition.”

Peraturan Tetap 106 (2) Parlimen Kanada.

Other examples for composition of select committees



Australia
“In practice each party’s representation on a committee is equated as nearly as possible to its numerical strength in the House, and consequently the relevant standing orders may change from Parliament to Parliament to reflect election results. Special provision has sometimes been made for independent Members.”
House of Representatives Practice (5th Edition), Chapter 18, p.637.

United Kingdom
“In general the membership of select committees is drawn from the backbenchers.”
Erskine May Parliamentary Practice (23rd Edition), Chapter 26, p.741.

India
“The Committee consists of not more than 22 members comprising 15 members elected by Lok Sabha every year from amongst its members according to the principle of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote and not more than 7 members of Rajya Sabha elected by that House in like manner are associated with the Committee.”
Information on the Public Accounts Committee, prepared by the Lok Sabha Secretariat, New Delhi, 2004.

New Zealand
182 Membership of committees

   (1) The overall membership of select committees must, so far as reasonably practicable, be proportional to party membership in the House.
Peraturan Tetap 182 (1) Parlimen New Zealand.


Malaysia

82. (1) Every Select Committee shall be so far as is practicable, the balance between the parties within the House is reflected in the Committee.
Peraturan Tetap 82 (1) Dewan Rakyat.

Peletakan Jawatan YB Sungai Burong sebagai Ketua Pembangkang


KENYATAAN MEDIA BERTARIKH 8 DISEMBER 2014: 
PELETAKAN JAWATAN Y.B. DATO MOHD SHAMSUDIN BIN LIAS SEBAGAI KETUA PEMBANGKANG DEWAN NEGERI SELANGOR

Saya telah menerima surat peletakan jawatan sebagai Ketua Pembangkang daripada Y.B. Dato’ Mohd Shamsudin Bin Lias, Ahli Dewan Negeri bagi kawasan Sungai Burong yang bertarikh 8 Disember 2014 dan saya menghormati keputusan beliau untuk meletakkan jawatan sebagai Ketua Pembangkang. Saya mengucapkan terima kasih atas perkhidmatan beliau sebagai Ketua Pembangkang sejak Jun 2013. 

Seperti yang sedia maklum, Dewan Negeri Selangor telah meluluskan pindaan kepada Peraturan-Peraturan Tetap Dewan Negeri Selangor pada 4 Disember 2014 dimana Peraturan Tetap 68 (1) telah dipinda supaya Jawatankuasa Kira-Kira Wang Awam Kerajaan (PAC) hendaklah dipengerusikan oleh Ketua Pembangkang. 

68(1) Hendaklah ada sebuah Jawatankuasa yang akan dinamakan Jawatankuasa Kira-kira Wang Kerajaan dilantik pada awal tiap-tiap penggal persidangan dan dipengerusikan oleh Ketua Pembangkang kerana memeriksa:
(a) kira-kira Kerajaan Negeri Selangor dan peruntukan wang yang dibenarkan oleh Dewan kerana menepati perbelanjaan Negeri;
(b) apa-apa kira-kira badan pentadbiran raya dan pertubuhan lain yang menguruskan wang negeri yang menguruskan wang negeri yang dibentangkan dalam Dewan;
(c) penyata Juru Audit Negara dibentangkan dalam Dewan menurut Perkara 107(2) dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan; dan
(d) apa-apa perkara lain yang difikirkan oleh Jawatankuasa itu patut diperiksa, atau apa-apa perkara yang diserahkan oleh Dewan kepada Jawatankuasa itu.

Oleh yang demikian, saya menggesa Barisan Nasional (BN) Negeri Selangor menamakan salah seorang daripada Ahli Dewan Negeri Selangor BN sebagai Ketua Pembangkang supaya pihak pembangkang BN dapat melaksanakan tugas dan memainkan peranan mereka di dalam pentadbiran Dewan Negeri Selangor secara efektif dan berkesan demi rakyat Selangor.

Saya mengambil maklum bahawa Y.B. Dato’ Shamsuddin ada membangkitkan isu komposisi di dalam Jawatankuasa PAC yang didakwa berat sebelah dan tidak mencerminkan semangat demokrasi yang sebenar. Saya ingin menyatakan di sini bahawa Peraturan Tetap 72 (1) bagi Peraturan-Peraturan Tetap Dewan Negeri Selangor secara nyata memperuntukan bahawa komposisi ahli bagi tiap-tiap Jawatankuasa Pilihan hendaklah membayangkan kadar parti masing-masing di dalam Dewan. Peruntukan yang sama juga terdapat di dalam Peraturan-Peraturan Majlis Mesyuarat Dewan Rakyat melalui Peraturan 82 (1). Amalan yang sama digunapakai oleh parlimen di negara komanwel yang lain seperti di Australia, United Kingdom, India dan New Zealand. 

Hannah Yeoh
Speaker
Dewan Negeri Selangor

Friday, December 5, 2014

It's done - Reforms cast in stone!

At the press conference with YB Eric Tan (Pandamaran) and YB Noor Hanim (Seri Serdang) both from the Standing Orders Committee after the Assembly approved the amendments to the Standing Orders.

Press Statement dated 5 December 2014

It's done - Reforms cast in stone!

The Selangor State Legislative Assembly has approved 3 key proposals by the Standing Orders Committee chaired by the Speaker aimed at protecting the transparency and the accountability of its members toward voters and the people of Selangor.

Our Standing Orders have been amended to incorporate the followings:-

(1) Live broadcast - Since 2008, the proceedings of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly have been broadcasted in its entirety live on the web. This was a big step forward in improving the accessibility of the State Legislative Assembly to the people. This feature is now made mandatory by including into the Standing Orders (‘Peraturan Tetap’) of the Assembly a requirement for a live web or television broadcast of every sitting. This effectively compels the State Government of the day to set aside sufficient funds annually to enable a live broadcast.

(2) Compulsory for Public Accounts Committee to be chaired by Opposition Leader - Selangor had previously, on two separate instances for the 12th and 13th Selangor State Legislative Assembly, broke new grounds in our local legislative practice but in keeping with international practice offered the position of Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee to the Leader of the Opposition. But on both instances, the offer was turned down. We have now amended our Standing Orders to make it mandatory for the Public Accounts Committee to be chaired by the Leader of the Opposition. The role of the Opposition cannot be taken for granted as an effective check and balance in any legislative assembly and as such there should be no discretion in his appointment to chair the influential Public Accounts Committee.

(3) Government's response to Select Committees' Reports - the Assembly now has 10 active Select Committees. These Select Committees conduct enquiries on issues pertaining to the state administration and their reports are tabled, debated and approved by the House. The Standing Orders have been amended to make it compulsory for the State Government to report to the State Assembly on actions taken on the findings and recommendations of these Select Committees. The Executive must be accountable to the Legislative.

The amendments above serve to bind the present and future state governments to a system of governance that is not subject to the whims and fancies of the government of the day or even the Speaker of the day. 

We have now cast in stone the reforms that were made so that these reforms no longer remain simply as good and noble practices, but enshrined as law.

Hannah Yeoh
Speaker of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly
Chairman of the Standing Orders Committee